Ichimoku Cloud Explained - Tutorial on settings, trading
Ichimoku Cloud Trading Strategy Explained
Best Ichimoku Strategy for Quick Profits
The Ichimoku Cloud And Trading Strategy
The Ichimoku cloud indicator is a technical indicator of Japanese origin and was a proprietary indicator with its Japanese formulator for around 30 years. It involves calculating five lines of short to medium duration on the high, low and close of a security’s prices and plotting an area, between two of these five lines, better known as Ichimoku cloud. These lines help in determining the direction, momentum and support-resistance levels for the time series data. The Ichimoku cloud indicator also generates buy and sell trading signals and is usually plotted along with candlestick to enable better decision making and clearer plots. Calculations for the lines are simple and the time period chosen is somewhat arbitrary:
Tenkan Sen or Conversion Line: (20-period-high + 20-period-low)/2
Kijun Sen or Base Line: (60-period-high + 60-period-low)/2
Senkou Sen A or Leading Span A: (Base Line + Conversion Line)/2
Senkou Sen B or Leading Span B: (120-period-high + 120-period-low)/2
Chikou Span or Lagging Span: (Close of 30 periods ago)
The Direction Of The Price Action The Ichimoku cloud is formed between the Leading Span A and Leading Span B and helps in determining the strength and direction of the price action. For example, the direction or trend of the price action is up when the prices are above the Ichimoku cloud. Similarly, the direction of the price action is down when prices are below the Ichimoku cloud and the direction is flat when the prices are somewhere in the Ichimoku cloud. The Strength Of The Price Action The Strength can be estimated using the difference between the Leading Span A and B lines. When the Leading Span A is increasing and above the other span line, the increase in the difference signifies strength in the uptrend. It also means that the Ichimoku cloud is getting thicker. Similarly, the growth of the Leading span B over the other span line signifies strength in the downtrend and the thickness of the Ichimoku cloud increases again though in the opposite direction. Python Code And Trading Strategy The Python code below loads the OHLC data for a cryptocurrency named Bitcoin. It then calculates, plots the various components and the Ichimoku cloud using the pandas and matplotlib functionality. 1234567891011121314151617181920212223242526272829303132333435363738394041
## import packages import pandas as pd import matplotlib.pyplot as plt # read the excel; set ‘date’ column as index; rename the columns; #discard columns other than Date and OHLC df = pd.read_excel( 'BTC.xlsx' ,index_col = 'Date' ,names = [ 'Open' , 'High' , 'Low' , 'Close' ], usecols = range ( 5 )) df.sort_index(inplace = True ) ## Sort in chronological order or as earlier dates first df = df.loc[ '2016-10-01' : '2018-9-30' ] ##Select some data using pandas’ .loc indexing # set values for the time periods to be used later # becomes easier this way to change the time period values later to customise the calculations CL_period = 20 # length of Tenkan Sen or Conversion Line BL_period = 60 # length of Kijun Sen or Base Line Lead_span_B_period = 120 # length of Senkou Sen B or Leading Span B Lag_span_period = 30 # length of Chikou Span or Lagging Span # add to the dataframe, different components of the Ichimoku # use shift function to shift a time series forward by the given value df[ 'Conv_line' ] = (df.High.shift(CL_period) + df.Low.shift(CL_period)) / 2 df[ 'Base_line' ] = (df.High.shift(BL_period) + df.Low.shift(BL_period)) / 2 df[ 'Lead_span_A' ] = (df[ 'Conv_line' ] + df[ 'Base_line' ]) / 2 df[ 'Lead_span_B' ] = (df.High.shift(Lead_span_B_period) + df.Low.shift(Lead_span_B_period)) / 2 df[ 'Lagging_span' ] = df.Close.shift(Lag_span_period) df.dropna(inplace = True ) # drop NA values from Dataframe # plot the data using matplotlib's functionality #add figure and axis objects fig,ax = plt.subplots( 1 , 1 ,sharex = True ,figsize = ( 20 , 9 )) #share x axis and set a figure size ax.plot(df.index, df.Close,linewidth = 4 ) # plot Close with index on x-axis with a line thickness of 4 ax.plot(df.index, df.Lead_span_A) # plot Lead Span A with index on the shared x-axis ax.plot(df.index, df.Lead_span_B) # plot Lead Span B with index on the sahred x-axis # use the fill_between call of ax object to specify where to fill the chosen color # pay attention to the conditions specified in the fill_between call ax.fill_between(df.index,df.Lead_span_A,df.Lead_span_B,where = df.Lead_span_A > = df.Lead_span_B, color = 'lightgreen' ) ax.fill_between(df.index,df.Lead_span_A,df.Lead_span_B,where = df.Lead_span_A < df.Lead_span_B, color = 'lightcoral' ) plt.legend(loc = 0 ) #Let matplotlib choose best location for legend plt.grid() # display the major grid plt.show() # Finally display the plot
Conclusion Ichimoku cloud is also known as Ichimoku Kinko Hyo. Ichimoku cloud is a technical indicator to gauge momentum, trend and strength of the price action using five lines and a cloud. The indicator has crossover points, just like MACD, to determine buy and sell signals. Other classic momentum indicators can also be used in conjunction with the Ichimoku cloud to produce clearer buy and sell signals. We have successfully applied the Ichimoku Cloud combined with RSI to generate trading signals in our course on Cryptocurrency trading.
https://preview.redd.it/6in97egosnx31.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=d2e4d1b052b295cb3da49f604fab7a6113321210 I wrote this lecture on the methodology of successful trading, and more specifically on tactics, strategies, subtleties and recommendations, based on 2 years of work on Bitmex, Binance, Gate, Okex bitcoin cryptocurrency exchanges in real combat conditions. Guided by this technique, I managed to earn 500% in excess of the deposit for 7 days of trading (i.e. I increased the deposit amount by 5 times!). These are not fairy tales, but reality, that is, confirming statistics of exchange transactions on the account of the crypto-exchange.
I believethat the knowledge provided in this course will help a beginner tomaster successful tradingonly if the course is not only read, but also outlined. It will be important to follow punctually, commenting on your actions in your notes.
In separate consultations, I could give personal instructions on the nuances of technical analysis on various timeframes, signals on entry points, information on trade automation software (algorithmic trading robots), and other tools useful in the work of a trader. But, despite a lot of additional software, my experience has shown that the most effective speculation model on the cryptocurrency and stock exchange, which everyone chooses for themselves based on practical experience, is directly in the online trading mode on exchange terminals. Each exchange is good in its own way, but also has its drawbacks. I chose the best solution for myself and am sure that this is temporary. Perhaps in the future there will be more progressive decentralized exchanges with good liquidity and they will replace the existing platforms managed by market leaders. Various digital designations, such as: — in what percentage of the deposit do you enter into a particular transaction; — where to put stop limit or market (Market) (market) orders (and whether to place them at all), where to exit the transaction and how. Again, I note that all the selected values are usually individual and depend both on the time trading intervals (TimeFrame) (1m 3m 15m 1h 3h 4h 6h 1 d 1w 1m) and on the deductible amount of the bet in % percentage of the amount of your deposit. It is important to remember that trading in the cryptocurrency market is a high-risk investment activity that everyone chooses and carries out at their own risk. Remember that with a big bet on the whole, as they say, a patty, and even with 100x-500x leverage, you risk losing your entire deposit right away. An exchange machine or a well-tuned and trained professional broker robot does not cost anything to go against the trend with a tidbit — easy prey. Do not be hamsters i.e. naive simpletons — do not merge the deposit into zero due to elementary greed, incontinence, ardor and other factors that contradict the qualities that a professional trader needs to succeed in trading, namely: cold-bloodedness, endurance, accuracy, punctuality, tact, quick reaction , the ability to quickly enter numbers and timely press the desired buttons.
You ask me: “Hey … guy, you are so smart … I wonder how much you earned from trading or how much you earn or why you don’t do it yourself … why do you need competitors?” — I will answer you: it is no secret that AI (artificial intelligence) has been working on the exchange for a long time and it is constantly improving, but this still does not prevent a person from continuing to beat him. I hope that in the future this trend will not stop otherwise — we have disappeared. And as regards competition — do not worry so much for me, because there is still a trading idea, program or terminal that I have not yet implemented and not reported in this guide after its publication and, perhaps, it will not deprive me of future trading opportunities.
So, the instructions that I follow in the process of trading cryptocurrencies on the exchange terminal in online mode.
It is necessary to wait for the moment of the entry point. You need to enter the deal only then, you feel it and foreseen it in advance according to the levels of the daily period.
It is necessary to carefully weigh their capabilities, ie to consider funds, understanding that futures trading (with leverage) leads to greater risks of liquidation / margin call (MarginCall).
During growth, you need to fix profit and try to sell at a pullback. It is always possible to re-enter a deal, but it is unlikely to return lost profits, instead, you can get several hours of dead weight in the price movement opposite from the planned direction.
It is very important to have cost control, namely, the timely Stop Limit (stop trade order) + sliding Stop Loss (the same thing, only with insurance against a sharp price movement).
It is easy to understand the wave component and accept the movement by levels — press exit buttons in time at 2% and + 10% according to the 1 to 5 principle (we risk one part of the deposit against 5). The Pareto effect has not been canceled: 20% activity, gives 80% effectiveness.
To work with Japanese candles, the ability to draw support levels and resistance lines is enough, but this is not enough for a professional, because the presence of modern advanced indicators, such as MACD, SRSI, Ichimoku Cloud / Signal, horizontal and vertical volume indicator and so on, is very important. Everyone chooses for themselves the indicator that brings more profit to a certain trading range. But remember — the main criterion for success is an understanding of the laws of the market and trade by market. Perhaps this applies to the field of extrasensory perception, metaphysics, and other obscure and hard to prove phenomena and sciences, but one way or another — intuition is clear and has a place to be.
In no case should you enter into short-term breakthrough deals on minute trading with market uncertainty. The situation where minute fluctuations may seem like reversal movements is often quite misleading. If you are in a pose (bull — for growth / long or bear — for fall / short) do not retreat and the market will not slow you to please you with profit. Often, a stock price feed / the same chart manipulates the minds of players, displaying false breakdowns and minute movements, on the basis of which you can not rely on a trend change (this lie is especially evident in minute time intervals / timeframes). In such cases, make decisions only at fundamental levels. On the hourly chart you will see a more truthful picture, because globally, on markets other than minute timeframes, the market is less susceptible to momentary manipulations. This knowledge will give you firmness in the intention and decision-making to remain in the chosen position and not to respond to minor market manipulations. During the day, you may repeatedly wish to unreasonably enter into such transactions, but remember that in this case you will be guaranteed to drain the deposit. Remember — the market from the middle of the trend will go up up or down and hit the stop limit order placed by you (if you play with a large leverage not for your money), after which it will go in the right direction you have chosen. Although in general the situation is banal — you are led by the nose like thousands as well as you. The only true method is to use common sense and avoid uncertainty when trying to enter a pose. A historical analysis of prices, the frequency of ranges (delta) of ups and downs, the degree of volatility and fundamental approaches — to help you. I also want to add that success is in your hands and it consists in the realization of the need not to merge a deposit under any circumstances.
You cannot leave the market unattended, the alarm of the price change alarm is not in your favor or without a stop limit at a reliable exchange platform (broker).
Once again I repeat, you must be prepared in advance for the fact that the market is deceiving and unexpected movements can often occur and your task is to secure your funds with a stop on the market or to fix profit by a floating stop or a fixed stop limit.
Risk management — the basis of success in trading when trading with leverage (margin trading). It is usually recommended to go into a deal at 2% of the deposit with x leverage and stop from profit in the ratio of 1 to 5. What does this mean and why is this risk / profit sharing technique so important?It is necessary to clearly calculate probabilistic lumbago in order to avoid elimination. I recommend you not to rush into bets, but to take a sheet of paper and bargain virtually in order to understand whether your calculations were correct. A virtual game is worth nothing, but it will save you money and keep the deposit safe and sound.
The wave theory assumes entry into the transaction after completion and a clear change in the previous trend based on signals and the news background, incl. experience of the current subject of trade — the operator pushing the buttons. For example, in the absence of price movement in the direction of the RSI indicator, analysis of all time frames with indicators, fibonacci levels, correction degree phase, time of day in time zones, stock and commodity market readings.
It is important, before starting trading, test the presence of a manipulator on the market using the method of high rates. If you are looking for an entry into a major deal in a few weeks, keep in mind that a stop with a loss can be a significant amount in the money equivalent that you are ready to lose, and if the deal does not take place in your favor, you must set yourself up in advance for what it should be. Because a successful trader is not one who regularly guesses successful transactions, but one who successfully completes one out of five transactions according to risk management and the calculation of the leverage calculator in accordance with the chosen strategy.
A lost position can be closed without waiting for the reverse restoration of the bidding process, thus manually participating in the balance adjustment or by setting a stop limit order in advance or after the bid in case of further decline or growth.
There is an assumption that at the end of the working day, with a likely depreciation, traders convert stocks into fiat (money), which contributes to a depreciation, but this is not accurate)
Incorrect entry into the transaction. How important is it to exit an unsuccessful transaction as early as possible or at the first rollback to change the direction of the trend or wait to determine a new entry point.
The presence of two accounts on the exchange terminal is possibleand desirable in order to be able to remain in a winning position regardless of the success of the initially selected trading direction (a technique requiring careful verification by personal experience with a clear definition of the margin leverage and % of the entry into the transaction from the deposit balance to minimize the risk of loss).Successful trading does not consist in the ability to conclude as many successful trades as possible, but in minimizing losses.
Technology is improving and strategies are changing. Before entering a transaction, it is necessary to carefully analyze the current market situation using a comparative analysis, studying the general news background (guided by the ***“buy for expectations — sell on the news”***postulate), detecting a flat (sideways), determining the level of instrument volatility (gold, oil, funds , bitcoins / cryptocurrencies — digital coins, etc.)
Immediately put a stop — is a guarantee of success or a drain of the deposit? After all, how to cope with their own feelings and not get into anxiety about a successful or unsuccessful transaction? The gradual entry scheme works well.
Coins. We look at the trading delta with the help of a robot scanner and make a decision based on all the above criteria in the course. It has been noticed that amateurs buy coins in the hope of growth. Remember, the market for altcoins is not growing now.
A favorable time for earning is at the time of a flat, which usually occurs after the rising flag or the implementation of a bull pennant figure, etc. It will be more clear to observe the schedule in real mode and make the required notes in your own mind.
On the cryptocurrency market, some laptop microprocessors are heated and the fan turns on at peak times. This indicates the beginning of a sharp movement and is a signal to enter the deal. Therefore, you can not only observe the behavior of the market, but now also listen (this is my personal note, it is unlikely that you will find such information somewhere else, as they say — an exclusive / VIP signal;)).
You can still write a lot about time, how much can or should be spent on the monitor, on which timeframes to trade and which strategies to follow, but everyone should choose this independently and preferably, under the guidance of a specialist, because what is applicable to one is to the other — contraindicated.
In fact, any market situation should be beneficial for you due to successful risk management*!*For successful online trading, it is very important to use candlestick and technical analysis*, which help to more accurately determine the entry point to the transaction (purchase or sale).*You cannot act at random when the market is hard to predict and often ready to follow your footsteps.If you lose, then I do not recommend immediately going to recoup*, because trade should ultimately be break even. In ardor, you are likely to enter into an unsuccessful deal and lose even more than before. This situation will make you very sad, so do not make this mistake. She is famous.*Use amodern powerful laptop or desktop computer with a convenient side numeric keypad, a large screen and a convenient manipulator (mouse)so that when you press the buttons you have as little physical braking and stops as possible.Practice in advance to work in the browser on the exchange terminal without making a deposit on futures trading from the exchange wallet. This training practice will reduce your losses.
Hello from Ukraine, Kramatorsk city ( “War is peace / freedom is slavery [and] ignorance is strength.”) Reslav Cryptotrader (if you need find me look around — me be i near ;). To be continued… http://twitter.com/reslav1 P.S.: Nowadays, money strives to be counted more and more. Using the information technology of databases with indexes, it has become possible to automatically and instantly capture and display the information that was previously collected by entire departments of the state within a month and after manual entry was displayed on the screens of industrial monitors and public television. The era of the Internet has come, the time of the accessibility and decentralization of information. Today we see stock chart quotes of stock prices of leading world companies online. Everyone has the opportunity to invest their money in these stocks and earn on the difference in exchange rates of their value. A speculative market was formed on this basis, where leaders appeared who were able to act most efficiently and, accordingly, earn money. Many specialists are studying the nature of success in speculative markets. Many works on methods of achieving success in trading are morally obsolete due to the emergence of new technologies for calculating and controlling the money supply, for example, such as Bitcoin. After all, back in 2009 for 1309.03 BTC they gave 1 dollar. Today 1 BTC costs $ 9,000. This is due to the fact that since the appearance of bitcoin has never been hacked and the technology has shown its reliability and consistency, as a measure of the money invested in it. I will not go into the details and subtleties of Bitcoin technology, but I will note one thing — this is cryptographic software that was used in the banking sector as Swift payments, but transformed into a P2P peer-to-peer network of private computers, as a result, like Bittorent, it became public, hard controlled, commons. Bitcoin provides for a complexity bomb, which complicates each year, and therefore makes it more expensive, its limited production, and this is one of the main reasons for its rise in price. As well as the fact that Bitcoin is convenient for storing funds, as it is liquid and it can be easily sent without quantity restrictions and with high transaction (transfer) speed. All details about Bitcoin are available in open sources and you can find out everything about it on the Internet, as well as the alternative coin market (altcoins / coins), such as Ethereum, USDT (dollar tokens confirmed by a US company with real dollars in bank accounts) etc. Around this market of bitcoin cryptocurrencies, the same speculative matrix (network / exchange) arose as around ordinary currencies and created such a strong competition for traditional assets that many governments adopted it and began to use and implement technologies that arose in their turn base. Cryptocurrencies or blockchain (cryptographic chain / blocks / chain) began to be introduced in public sectors of the economy for calculating and controlling public commons, such as electricity, land, etc. Further, on the basis of this market, the need for regulation arose and the US authorities were very worried about the uncontrolled development of technology, on the basis of which a news background (negative or positive) arose, which powerfully affects cryptocurrency rates. In the era of information, this network began to act as a money pump, skillfully pumping money from the hands of inept speculators into the pockets of experienced traders. As a result of reading a lot of books, watching various telecasts in the industry of bitcoin trading analytics, I came to the conclusion that successfully trading cryptocurrencies is akin to art and as statistics have shown, only 20% in 2–3 years are able to consistently earn money, and of which, in turn, only 2 -3% become billionaires. I bring to your attention a technique by which you can enter the ranks of these 20% successful traders and possibly, jointly, open the door to those notorious 2–3% successful traders who are fortunate enough to touch the notorious golden fleece and discover the world of unlimited financial opportunities. All knowledge is available in open sources and collected by me in the book “Basics of Bitcoin Trading from Reslav” (2019), most of them are available.
How to Trade Bitcoin Part 1: Getting Ready to Trade
The first part of our bitcoin trading guide series explains the basics of bitcoin and trading terminology. Instructions are also provided for buying bitcoin and getting ready to trade on BTC.sx. We originally produced the first part of this guide for our own traders to get started with our platform. However, after some really good feedback we thought we should share it publicly too. So please bear with us if it is quite orientated to our own platform. Future parts will be much more applicable to trading in general. Here is what we have planned for the series: 1) Getting ready to trade (this post) 2) Making your first trade
How to read a chart (candle sticks, volume, log vs linear scales)
How to spot a trend (moving averages)
How to open and close a position
3) Basics of technical analysis
Assumptions / theory behind TA
Classic support / resistance patterns e.g. head and shoulders
4) Advanced TA
5) Developing a sustainable strategy
Timing entry and exit points
Managing multiple open positions
Avoiding emotional trading
Please let us know if there are any topics you would like specifically covered and whether or not articles are the best format for learning. Why should you listen to what we have to say? Our CEO turned $100 into $200k by trading bitcoin, our COO previosuly worked at senior management level at Deutsche Bank and UBS, and one of our advisers has a Wall Street background as a Portfolio Manager and is a Chartered Market Technician. http://i.imgur.com/G06P306.png This article begins with an overview of bitcoin, how to buy bitcoin and how to manage risk. The remainder of the article focuses on understanding trading terminology and creating a bitcoin trading account on BTC.sx. What is bitcoin? Bitcoin is a digital currency that uses encryption, rules of mathematics and a decentralized network to control the creation of more bitcoins and verify transactions. Bitcoin was designed to operate as ‘digital gold’ — it resembles a commodity but can be used as a currency. Bitcoin can be traded for fiat currency, like dollars or pounds, creating opportunities to profit from trading price fluctuations. http://i.imgur.com/hNnKxGE.png Why is bitcoin so volatile? Compared to the price of gold, the price of bitcoin has exhibited much larger price swings. Typically the price of gold will change by just a few percent each week, but bitcoin’s price often changes by 10% or more — even in a ‘flat’ market. Volatility is generally considered a good thing by bitcoin traders because it creates opportunities to buy lower and sell higher than flat markets. The primary reason why bitcoin is volatile is because it has a small market cap and low trading volume. Market cap is the number of units (bitcoin here) in circulation multiplied by the value (bitcoin price here). For example, bitcoin has a market cap of about $3 billion vs $31 billion for the a gold ETF (GLD is the most popular American gold investment vehicle). Additionally, the daily average trading volume for bitcoin is about $12 million vs approximately $939 million for the gold ETF. The result of this small market cap and low trading volume is that less trading less money is required to make a large difference in supply and demand. For instance, if a trader wants to buy $3 million worth of bitcoin this represents 33% of the daily trading volume and would push the price up approximately 14%, at the time of writing. However, buying $3 million worth of the gold ETF is just 0.3% of the daily trading volume and is nothing compared to the hundreds of millions of trades that influence gold’s price. http://i.imgur.com/NLtgVrX.png Further information The information we have provided about bitcoin is only the bare essentials a trader needs to know. If you are completely new to bitcoin, also consider exploring these external resources: We Use Coins Bitcoin.org Bitcoin Wiki 2. How to Manage Risk Risk of buying bitcoin As discussed above, bitcoin is an extremely volatile asset. Besides increasing in value, bitcoin’s price can also dramatically fall. When buying bitcoin, never invest more than you can afford to lose. You cannot lose more than you put in, so don’t put in more than you can afford to lose and you’ll be all right, even in the most negative case. - Rpietila, Bitcoin and commodity investor Risk of trading bitcoin Furthermore, investing more than one can afford to lose reduces a trader’s ability to make good decisions. In particular, there is a risk of ‘panic selling’ when the market declines slightly. Instead of holding throughout a market dip, someone who is over-invested may panic and sell-off their holdings for a low price — attempting to cut their losses. This tends to lead to losing more money when the market recovers and the trader buys back at a higher price. http://i.imgur.com/yrQbCsI.png Simply, the best way to manage your risk is to not invest more than you can afford to lose. At BTC.sx, losses cannot exceed your deposit — so simply make sure this is a comfortable amount for you to trade with. 3. Understand Basic Bitcoin Trading Terminology Trading Trading is the act of buying, selling or exchanging one asset for another. Exchanging Bitcoin for US dollars, for instance, is trading. Position A position is similar a trade, which can either be long (buying bitcoin) or short (selling bitcoin). Like a trade you profit from a long/buy position when the price rises; and you profit from a short/sell position when the price falls. Unlike a trade, a position has an open and close. At BTC.sx you begin by depositing bitcoin. Then you may acquire more bitcoin or US dollars by opening a position. When the position is closed you are left with just more or less bitcoin than the value deposited — this depends on how profitable your position was. Trading platform A trading platform, like BTC.sx, is a place where traders go to enter positions. Unlike an exchange, it is uncommon for to use platforms for exchanging one asset for another. Typically trading platforms also include more advanced features, such as leverage. Leverage http://i.imgur.com/Aik56aI.jpg Leverage is borrowing assets for the purposes of increasing potential trading returns. This is also known as margin trading. Trading with 10x leverage on BTC.sx, allows you to deposit 1 bitcoin and trade with 10 bitcoins. When you are done trading (closing a position) you return the 10 bitcoin and keep any profits made. For example, let’s say your trading has been going well and you are consistently making a 10% return each week. Trading with 1 bitcoin, your profit is 0.1 bitcoin. However, with 10 bitcoins your profit is 1 bitcoin — this is the power of leverage when used correctly. Although leverage does also increase trading risk exposure, your losses can never exceed your deposit at BTC.sx. Furthermore, your risk of an exchange failure is reduced because you are trading with 9 bitcoins that belong to BTC.sx and only 1 bitcoin of your own. Exchange Unlike trading platforms, investors use exchanges to swap an asset for another. For example, Bitstamp allows investors to trade their local currency for Bitcoin, or vice versa. Exchanges are the main determinants of bitcoin’s price because they contain an order book. At an exchange you can either be a market maker or a market taker. Market maker A market maker sets the price they wish to buy or sell at and waits for a market taker who agrees to that price. Market taker A market taker finds a market maker that is offering a desirable price and quantity then immediately trades with them. Order book An order book is a list investors wanting to buy and sell an asset at specified quantities and prices. These are the market makers. Below is an annotated explanation of a bitcoin exchange order book. Picture the order book as a very hectic auction and the concept should be easier to understand. http://i.imgur.com/DuRYrnx.png Sell orders: “Asks” This part of the order book lists the prices and quantities investors wish to sell bitcoin at. Here the cheapest seller is offering 2.3467 bitcoin at a price of $244.58. As these investors are asking for a price to sell at, these are called asks. Buy orders: “Bids” This part of the order book lists the prices and quantities investors wish to buy bitcoin at. Here the most expensive buyer is willing to purchase 0.5 bitcoin at a price of $244.43. As these investors are bidding for a price to buy at, these are called bids. Current bitcoin price This is the last price at which bitcoin was exchanged for US dollars. Given that buyers will fulfill the cheapest ask, and sellers will fulfill the most expensive bid, the price will always fall between the the cheapest ask and most expensive bid. In this example, the price is $244.39 — the same as the most expensive bid. This means that the last bitcoin trade was a market taker selling to a market maker. This is also a demonstration of a seller always wanting to sell to the highest bidder. Order book depth This depth graph visualizes the amount of asks and bids at various prices. The more bitcoins that are available at a price, the ‘deeper’ the graph is. Naturally, as sellers do not want to ask for cheap prices and buyers do not want to buy for expensive prices, the graph is normally shallow in the middle. If the chart is one-sided, it suggests that the market may be feeling bullish or bearish. In the above example, a lot of investors want to sell at $245 which would make it difficult for the price to rise beyond that. Conversely, the shallow graph on the bid side shows not many people want to buy bitcoin at these prices. This is typical of a bearish market. Order book execution An important feature of BTC.sx is that the positions our users open/close make buys and sells on exchange order books. In practice, when our users click buy, US dollars is used to buy bitcoin from the order book bids. Conversely, when our users click sell, bitcoin is sold for US dollars from the order book asks. http://i.imgur.com/1Dk8G0t.jpg Why is this important? Firstly, when you trade on BTC.sx you do so with leverage. This means you can have a larger impact in the market and move the price in your favour. In the above example using just 1.3 bitcoin at 10x leverage would create buy 13 bitcoin from the asks. This helps drives the price up because now the cheapest ask is $244.61. If the market sees this as a bullish sign then others may follow, sparking a price rally. Secondly, order book execution means that BTC.sx does not trade against our users. Trading platforms that do not offer this execution are acting as market makers and stand to profit from their traders losing money. At BTC.sx we want our traders to be profitable so they can keep trading. *4. How to Buy Bitcoin * As a bitcoin-only trading platform, BTC.sx only accepts bitcoin deposits. This allows you to begin trading in minutes and without verifying your identity. If you do not yet own any bitcoin there are a number of places that bitcoin can be bought from, including: Circle Coinbase LocalBitcoins Click here to see other ways to buy bitcoin in each region of the world. To store your bitcoin you will also need a wallet, such as MultiBit or Blockchain.info. 5. Create an Account on BTC.sx Once you have bitcoin, you are ready to start trading. Head over to BTC.sx to begin the registration process. 1. Click ‘Sign Up’ http://i.imgur.com/Fikj8Nd.png 2. Enter your details and read and agree with the terms of service http://i.imgur.com/AjnKzRY.png 3. Click on the email activation code http://i.imgur.com/lz5yBqK.png 4. Login to your account http://i.imgur.com/P6VJ0xm.png 5. Visit trade screen http://i.imgur.com/WjGockR.png 6. Send a deposit to BTC.sx You are now one step away from being ready to trade bitcoin. All that is required is to send a deposit by following these instructions: 1. Click on ‘Deposit’ in the trading screen http://i.imgur.com/1TxpgUh.png 2. Send bitcoin to your wallet address http://i.imgur.com/cTZim5t.png If you do not know how to send bitcoin please contact your wallet provider for assistance. Conclusion** ** You should now be in a position where you understand the basics of bitcoin, trading terminology and have an account on BTC.sx to begin trading. In part 2 we will be covering fundamental analysis, the basics of technical analysis and how to make your first trade. 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How to Trade Bitcoin Part 3: Beginner’s Technical Analysis
The third part of our how to trade bitcoin series covers the basics of technical analysis. The post begins with the theory and principles of technical analysis, then covers support and resistance patterns. Introduction What You Should Already Know Before embarking into the world of Technical Analysis (TA) you should be familiar with the basics of trading that have already been covered in our how to trade bitcoin series. Part 1: Getting Ready to Trade Bitcoin The first part covered the basics of Bitcoin, trading terminology and how exchanges work. Part 2: Making Your First Trade The second part covered how to read charts, how to spot trends using moving averages and the MACD, and lastly how to place a trade. It is recommended that you are familiar with these topics before continue to learn more about technical analysis. Key Terms Explained Technical analysis — the process of analysing a financial assets’ price, volume and volatility data and patterns with the objective of predicting future trends. Fundamental analysis — the process of analysing a financial assets’ non-chart based data. This would include data such as a company’s revenue, price-to-earnings ratio and business strategy. For bitcoin, fundamental analysis would be studying adoption rates and the health of the ecosystem. Blockchain.info’s charts are great for a fundamental analysis of bitcoin. Support — a specific price or a price range that a financial asset rarely falls below. Below is an example of current support lines for bitcoin. Generally, the more a support line is tested, the stronger support at that level becomes. http://i.imgur.com/VfwsE8Z.png Resistance — a specific price or a price range that a financial asset rarely rises above. Below is an example of current resistance lines for bitcoin. Generally, the more a resistance line is tested, the stronger resistance at that level becomes. http://i.imgur.com/jyUq7DC.png What is Technical Analysis? Theory and Assumptions of Technical Analysis Technical analysis is founded on the belief that a price is determined by every piece of relevant information that is known about a financial asset. This makes price, and its historical trends, the most important piece of information for traders. By conducting technical analysis to make price predictions, traders make two key assumptions. Firstly, it is assumed that prices follow trends. These trends are driven by the human psychology of traders. One theory is that technical analysis works as a self-fulfilling prophecy: if enough traders spot a signal that suggests the price will rise, everyone will begin to buy, causing that predicted price rise. Secondly, it is assumed that history tends to repeat itself. That is, if the price of bitcoin is currently falling it is assumed the likelihood of a further price decline is more likely than a price rise. When this is not the case, it is normally attributed to a ‘trend reversal’. Why Bitcoin Traders Care About Technical Analysis Technical analysis is by far the most popular form of analysis conducted by bitcoin traders. This is primarily because the price of bitcoin tends to be driven by cycles of fear and greed. Consequently, the people trading bitcoin create price patterns which can be studied through technical analysis. The aim of every trader is to be one step ahead of the crowd. http://i.imgur.com/nlOvbhg.png Conversely, there is a lack of information for fundamental analysis of bitcoin. Unlike companies, there are no income statements, balance sheets, business strategies or management team to consider. This places greater importance on technical analysis for traders. Limitations of Technical Analysis As with any investment strategy, there are risks and limitations. There are two alternative theories that infer technical analysis is not a legitimate method for predicting future prices. Efficient market hypothesis claims that it is impossible to beat the market — or in other words, be one step ahead of other traders. This because not only do prices reflect all relevant information, they instantly change as more information is revealed. The end result of this is that a financial asset can never be under or over valued. Therefore, price data is not useful for traders. Random walk hypothesis claims that prices of financial assets move randomly. Hence, if there is no real trend, technical analysis has no strong evidence to make forecasts from. Support and Resistance How Support or Resistance is Formed There are numerous factors that can cause support and resistance to be formed. Let’s take a look at some practical examples that have occured with bitcoin. Psychological price points As markets are made up of people buying and selling, prices tend to converge around round numbers or meaningful numbers. The below graph shows the resistance bitcoin has faced when attempting to break above $400 and $300. http://i.imgur.com/NaiG9o7.png Interestingly, a lot of bitcoin traders have observed how the price used to become ‘sticky’ around to $666. This is a good example of retail traders acting irrationally and deliberately setting buys and sells at the number of the devil. http://i.imgur.com/CgWY1kq.png Multiple Highs When a price reaches a high multiple times, resistance is formed when traders develop the belief that the price will continue to fail to break that price or resistance line. This can be seen in the 2014 bear market, where the price followed a series of downtrends that eventually became weaker over time. http://i.imgur.com/2NxInj9.png Multiple Lows Similarly, when the price reaches a low several times traders begin to expect the price to continue to fail to fall below that price. This can be seen throughout 2014 at three key resistance levels. http://i.imgur.com/MZyXBzO.png Former Resistance Becomes Support (or vice versa) When a support or resistance line is broken, it is possible for the influence of that line to be reversed. In the below example the price encounter resistance at $280 during the April 2013 rally. This then acted as support in October 2014. But once this support was broken in December 2014, this price has been acting as resistance. It is quite likely that the peak of the April 2013 rally has a lot of physiological influence over traders. http://i.imgur.com/tSCTmin.png How Support or Resistance Influences Future Price Patterns It is normally the combination of support and resistance which influences future prices. When both support and resistance are in effect, which is nearly always, the price is said to be inside a ‘trading zone’. These trading zones are monitored very closely by bitcoin traders. Let’s take a look at the current trading zone influencing bitcoin’s price. http://i.imgur.com/qIxVIg9.png After rallying to $300, the price of bitcoin is currently correcting. The support the bottom support established in January and June has not yet been tested. Hence we can expect the price to trade within the two support and resistance lines between now and October. If the price breaks above the resistance line, this would be a bullish signal. If the price falls below the support line, this would be a bearish signal. Eventually the support and resistance lines converge, this tells us that we can expect a bullish or bearish price movement to occur sometime before or at this point. How to Draw Support or Resistance Lines Now is a great time to try and draw your own lines. Simply follow the below instructions to get started on BTC.sx. 1) Click on the small arrow at the edge of the chart. http://i.imgur.com/rBB5Wlt.png 2) Click on the line tool, which is the second from the top. http://i.imgur.com/SdalLdh.png 3) Click once on the graph to start the line, and click again to end the line. http://i.imgur.com/lW29ayh.png Additional tips: Hold shift when drawing the line to make it straight. Draw your lines following the ‘line’ part of the candlesticks. These are known as wicks and represent the highest and lowest price traded within the candlestick’s time period. Support and Resistance Patterns Now we have covered the basics of support and resistance, we will now look at more advanced support and resistance patterns. These are generally combinations of support, resistance and trading ranges. Tops and Bottoms Double top A double top is considered to be a bearish indicator. This was observed during the December 2013 rally. A double top gives traders the opportunity to go short, which is possible on BTC.sx, at two key moments. Firstly, when the price fails to break upper resistance on the second attempt. Secondly, when the price falls below the first layer of support after the second top. These shorting opportunities are indicated by the yellow circles. http://i.imgur.com/luUJXz9.png Double bottom A double bottom is considered to be a bullish indicator. Bitcoin has never recorded a double bottom, but the downtrend during the Fall of 2014 is a close representation. A double bottom gives traders to go long at two key moments. Firstly, when the price fails to fall below on support the second attempt. Secondly, when the price breaks above the first layer of resistance after the second bottom. These opportunities to go long are indicated by the yellow circles. http://i.imgur.com/e6sPaiP.png Head and Shoulders The head and shoulders pattern is a bearish signal. This can be spotted when a peak is preceded and succeeded by two smaller peaks. This gives the formation a ‘head and shoulders’ resemblance. The neckline is the level of support formed between the first and second shoulder. http://i.imgur.com/ykVhxDs.png In the above example, traders have two opportunities to go short. This is firstly at the second shoulder. This is to profit from an incoming drop that is normally equal or greater than the distance between the head and neck line. The second opportunity to go short is at the neck line. This to profit from the recently formed downward price trend. Cup and Handle As the name suggests, this is where the price follows the formation of a cup and handle. This considered to be a bullish indicator — a great opportunity to go long. An important consideration when looking for this signal is that the ‘cup’ part of the pattern should not be a V shape. Ideally, the cup should have a round or flat bottom. http://i.imgur.com/ROnysWo.png A trader should go long at the point at which the price leaves the cup and begins to follow the handle. This area has been marked by the yellow circle. The length of the rally after the price leaves the cup can be hard to predict. However, if the price leaves the cup with high volume, it should give a trader that a sustained rally is likely. The lack of volume in the above example explains why the handle rally did not last too long. Flags The flag is a short-term indicator which occurs when the price experiences a vertical price rise, followed by a period of consolidation. The flag indicator is used to predict the continuation of a trend — not the reversal of a trend. The vertical price movement is considered to be the flag pole, and the consolidation period the flag. The flag pole should be recorded with high volume and the consolidation period should experience low volume. Additionally, the flag should be slopping slightly downwards. http://i.imgur.com/aEfpJeJ.png A flag can provide a bullish buy signal in the right circumstances. This is when the price remains inside the flag for 8–20 candlesticks then exits at the top after low volume. This is demonstrated in the above example — a trader should be going long at the yellow circle. Pennant A pennant is very similar to a flag. The only difference is that the consolidation period follows the shape of triangle, instead of a rectangle. The triangle shape is typically formed by traders taking profits after a price rally. http://imgur.com/udP0JFL Like the flag, a trader can profit from the continuation of a bullish trend by going long when the price leaves the top of the pennant. This area has been indicated with a yellow circle. Wedges Wedges are common price patterns and they can be used to spot bullish and bearish trend reversals and continuations. The two main types of wedges are rising wedges and falling wedges. Rising wedge A rising wedge is formed when the price consolidates between two upward sloping support and resistance lines. This is bearish signal — it indicates an uptrend is about to reverse or a downtrend will continue. It is important to check that the support line is rising steeper than the resistance line. This is a key requirement for the wedge-shaped indicator to be drawn accurately. http://i.imgur.com/BHVhGQY.png In the above example, we have a wedge indicate a trend reversal. Traders should have gone short on BTC.sx after the price fell out of the wedge. Interestingly, we could have also drawn a bearish pennant immediately after this wedge, which would have further validated a decision to go short. Falling wedge A rising wedge is formed when the price consolidates between two downward sloping support and resistance lines. This is bullish signal — it indicates a downtrend is about to reverse or an uptrend will continue. Opposite to the rising wedge, the resistance line should be falling more aggressively than the support line. http://i.imgur.com/fLcCLNp.png The recent Grexit rally was a great example of wedges in action. Firstly, two falling wedges developed. This should have given traders confidence that the rally still had steam while traders took profits. However, towards the end of the rally, a rising wedge developed. This signalled that the rally was beginning to lose its pace and that a trend reversal was likely. Conclusion You should now be familiar with spotting common chart patterns and drawing them. It can be difficult spotting your own signals to begin with, but overtime it will become second-nature. If you want to learn more about technical analysis, make sure to look out for our next post on advanced indicators. This will include indicators, such as Ichimoku Clouds, RSI and Bollinger Bands. Make sure to follow us on Twitter and like us on Facebook for future updates. Written by Joe Lee, BTC.sx / Magnr CEO. Joe first discovered Bitcoin in 2011 and built his own trading bots turning an initial $100 investment into $200k. He then turned his attention to building trading infrastructure and BTC.sx was born. After gaining rapid traction, Joe left his investment banking job to focus on BTC.sx. If you want to use the power of leverage / margin trading to increase your potential returns, check out BTC.sx. We offer up to 10x leverage and direct market access to Bitfinex, Bitstamp and itBit. Alternatively, if you prefer more passive investments, check out Magnr. We provide interest-bearing investment accounts for bitcoin, with a promotional interest rate of 2.18% AER. BTC.sx / Magnr is not a financial advisor. The information contained in this article is for educational purposes only. Trading bitcoin carries high level of risk and BTC.sx / Magnr accepts no responsibility for any losses incurred.
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Ichimoku Cloud Trading Strategy Explained June 20, 2020 November 10, 2018 by Cory Mitchell The Ichimoku Cloud is an indicator designed to tell you everything you need to know about a price trend, including its direction, momentum, dynamic support and resistance levels, and even trade signals. The Ichimoku indicator can be beneficial if you want to define stop-loss points, which can be at the support level. Also, the Ichimoku cloud is used by traders because it provides a certain estimation about the future price level. In general, the Ichimoku cloud indicator can be used in your trading strategy for the following. The Best Ichimoku Strategy – Buy Rules. The Ichimoku Cloud system is designed to keep traders on the right side of the market. Our trading rules will help you follow the trend for as long as possible. At least until it’s clear that a reversal is occurring. The Ichimoku system suits swing trading best. Bitcoin Ichimoku Analysis. Bitcoin Ichimoku cloud Analysis indicates mixed signals across different time frames in terms of BTC price prediction. On one hand, on the daily chart, the BTC/USD pair has crossed below the Ichimoku cloud and testing to break below the 61% Fibonacci retracement level of 7,362. Real-Time Trading Examples: Ichimoku Strategy. In the first example, we can see prices begin at low levels toward the right of the price chart. Bitcoin prices begin to move higher and we see several technical signals which point to opportunities in long positions.
Ichimoku Strategy - Break It Down - Duration: 34:13. No Nonsense Forex 174,450 views. 34:13. Tom Lee Explains the fluctuation of Bitcoin Price. - Duration: 2:34. The Cryptonizer 349 views. The Ichimoku Method was released to the world almost 50 years ago. It is one of the most predominant systems today. It has provided consistency in trading trends over the decades. Very few trading ... Trading in the direction of price action in relation to the cloud is the fundamental lesson of trading with Ichimoku. However, knowing what side of the trade to be on isn’t the whole story ... Discover the power of cloud trading and add these techniques into your ichimoku cloud strategy or in your swing trading strategies. Ichimoku cloud indicator mt4 offers traders the opportunity to ... Our Price Action and Ichimoku Trading Analysts are revealing the strategies they use in formulating the trading ideas in our popular Price Action and Ichimoku Analysis section. Get a FREE practice ...