Bitcoin as a Store of Value, Unit of Account, and Medium

If you HODL #Bitcoin, then one day you want to get its "Store of Value" - how will you spend it? Send to a centralized exchange to get USD? Or spend with merchants that don't accept it? There goes the SOV. Bitcoin MUST be spendable or else it has no value.

If you HODL #Bitcoin, then one day you want to get its submitted by MemoryDealers to btc [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Cash is getting adopted faster than any other cryptocurrency. Why? Because people are using it for payments, not only as a store of value. Thats why more merchants are accepting BCH, the whole ecosystem is growing rapidly.

Bitpay supports Bitcoin BTC and Bitcoin Cash BCH. Is there any company like Bitpay who only supports Bitcoin Cash? Since BTC is only a store of value merchants should’t accept BTC. Gold market value is around 7 trillion$ and it is likely that BTC reach that value someday as digital gold. Entire money value is over 90 trillion$ Bitcoin Cash is the future money with a max supply of 21 million coins! Think about it😎
submitted by BillBoss_90 to btc [link] [comments]

Treasury Secretary, Fed Chairman Accept Bitcoin as a Store of Value

Treasury Secretary, Fed Chairman Accept Bitcoin as a Store of Value submitted by Link0000054 to Bitcoin_2019 [link] [comments]

Looks like Bitcoin-BCH use is growing a lot, even the Coreons are starting to get upset at the incredible pace of growth and user adoption. Why are they accepting payments in store-of-value-coin/settlement systems anyways?

Looks like Bitcoin-BCH use is growing a lot, even the Coreons are starting to get upset at the incredible pace of growth and user adoption. Why are they accepting payments in store-of-value-coin/settlement systems anyways? submitted by cryptorebel to btc [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Cash is getting adopted faster than any other cryptocurrency. Why? Because people are using it for payments, not only as a store of value. Thats why more merchants are accepting BCH, the whole ecosystem is growing rapidly.

submitted by zcc0nonA to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

If you HODL #Bitcoin, then one day you want to get its "Store of Value" - how will you spend it? Send to a centralized exchange to get USD? Or spend with merchants that don't accept it? There goes the SOV. Bitcoin MUST be spendable or else it has no value.

If you HODL #Bitcoin, then one day you want to get its submitted by ABitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Cash is getting adopted faster than any other cryptocurrency. Why? Because people are using it for payments, not only as a store of value. Thats why more merchants are accepting BCH, the whole ecosystem is growing rapidly. /r/btc

Bitcoin Cash is getting adopted faster than any other cryptocurrency. Why? Because people are using it for payments, not only as a store of value. Thats why more merchants are accepting BCH, the whole ecosystem is growing rapidly. /btc submitted by ABitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Cash is getting adopted faster than any other cryptocurrency. Why? Because people are using it for payments, not only as a store of value. Thats why more merchants are accepting BCH, the whole ecosystem is growing rapidly. /r/btc

Bitcoin Cash is getting adopted faster than any other cryptocurrency. Why? Because people are using it for payments, not only as a store of value. Thats why more merchants are accepting BCH, the whole ecosystem is growing rapidly. /btc submitted by cryptoanalyticabot to cryptoall [link] [comments]

12-27 18:53 - 'Permon We are Bitcoin and Coinbase first online / retail store. Our mission is to show the world leading online retail stores that do not accept Bitcoin nor Coinbase payments the value of all cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin...' by /u/Permon-shop removed from /r/Bitcoin within 6-16min

'''
Permon We are Bitcoin and Coinbase first online retail store. Our mission is to show the world leading online retail stores that do not accept Bitcoin nor Coinbase payments the value of all cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Bitcash, Ethereum, and Litcoin just to name a few. We have a promising future being the first world leading Cryptocurrencies retail store and as value in Permon grows so will the value of each crypto coin.And that means current coin holders will receive more value with increase in volume in result the demand for coins will be greater than the supply. With Permon Online Shopping made easy,Come grow with us
Check out Permon.shop receive free watch only pay shipping
[link]1
[link]2
I can guarantee this is an a scam I’m the CEO of my new store I’m creating for the Cryptocurrency community Facebook me Kyre Watson better yet
'''
Context Link
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: Permon-shop
1: permon.shop*produ**s/*017-luxury-brand**at*h*men-military-wa*che**men***ua**z-w*t*h-p*-*eat*er-ho*****ock**ale*wrist*w*tch**elogio-masc*lino-** 2: *er*o**shop**roduct*/new-*a*ch*wo*en-checkers*faux-la**-d*ess**atch-*omens*ca*ual**ea*her*q*ar*z-w*tch**na*og-*ristwa*ch-*ifts-r*lo*ios-femin*no
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

Looks like Bitcoin-BCH use is growing a lot, even the Coreons are starting to get upset at the incredible pace of growth and user adoption. Why are they accepting payments in store-of-value-coin/settlement systems anyways?

Looks like Bitcoin-BCH use is growing a lot, even the Coreons are starting to get upset at the incredible pace of growth and user adoption. Why are they accepting payments in store-of-value-coin/settlement systems anyways? submitted by ABitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

The?Bitcoin Foundation?is a nonprofit organization aiming to make Bitcoin a globally accepted method of exchanging and storing value without third parties.

The?Bitcoin Foundation?is a nonprofit organization aiming to make Bitcoin a globally accepted method of exchanging and storing value without third parties. submitted by lyuboaf4tuch to Bitcoin_News [link] [comments]

"Wide acceptance in stores and peer to peer transactions not only increases Bitcoins value and network effect, it more importantly helps safeguard it from government intervention by reaching critical mass. Limiting its use to a store of value will prevent that from happening."@olivierjanss, twitter

submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Possible consequence of widespread acceptance of bitcoin instead of banks as a store of value

Hypothetically, if a high proportion of Americans stopped using banks to store their money and instead kept bitcoins, would the reduced amount of investment capital (which banks now use to make loans) negatively effect our economy?
submitted by joe_craw to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Fred Wilson (of A VC) sees Bitcoin becoming a widely accepted currency: Bitcoin - Getting Past Store Of Value and Currency

submitted by tellman1257 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Where do you see bitcoin in 10 years?

Bitcoin is 11 years old now, and has had weathered the coronavirus crash with a v-shape recovery. Bitcoin consumes more electricity per year than the whole country of Switzerland. The number of hardcore fans is growing year by year, but the price has been very volatile and bearish for the last 3 years. Bitcoin hasn't really caught on as a payment system, as it's rare to find an online retailer to accept bitcoin. Most bitcoin users use it as a store of value, much like a savings account that might increase in value. It is, however, increasingly becoming more accepted as an investment class by the financial elite.
So I guess I ask, where do you see bitcoin going in the next 10 years?
submitted by ShotBot to investing [link] [comments]

Technical: The Path to Taproot Activation

Taproot! Everybody wants to have it, somebody wants to make it, nobody knows how to get it!
(If you are asking why everybody wants it, see: Technical: Taproot: Why Activate?)
(Pedants: I mostly elide over lockin times)
Briefly, Taproot is that neat new thing that gets us:
So yes, let's activate taproot!

The SegWit Wars

The biggest problem with activating Taproot is PTSD from the previous softfork, SegWit. Pieter Wuille, one of the authors of the current Taproot proposal, has consistently held the position that he will not discuss activation, and will accept whatever activation process is imposed on Taproot. Other developers have expressed similar opinions.
So what happened with SegWit activation that was so traumatic? SegWit used the BIP9 activation method. Let's dive into BIP9!

BIP9 Miner-Activated Soft Fork

Basically, BIP9 has a bunch of parameters:
Now there are other parameters (name, starttime) but they are not anywhere near as important as the above two.
A number that is not a parameter, is 95%. Basically, activation of a BIP9 softfork is considered as actually succeeding if at least 95% of blocks in the last 2 weeks had the specified bit in the nVersion set. If less than 95% had this bit set before the timeout, then the upgrade fails and never goes into the network. This is not a parameter: it is a constant defined by BIP9, and developers using BIP9 activation cannot change this.
So, first some simple questions and their answers:

The Great Battles of the SegWit Wars

SegWit not only fixed transaction malleability, it also created a practical softforkable blocksize increase that also rebalanced weights so that the cost of spending a UTXO is about the same as the cost of creating UTXOs (and spending UTXOs is "better" since it limits the size of the UTXO set that every fullnode has to maintain).
So SegWit was written, the activation was decided to be BIP9, and then.... miner signalling stalled at below 75%.
Thus were the Great SegWit Wars started.

BIP9 Feature Hostage

If you are a miner with at least 5% global hashpower, you can hold a BIP9-activated softfork hostage.
You might even secretly want the softfork to actually push through. But you might want to extract concession from the users and the developers. Like removing the halvening. Or raising or even removing the block size caps (which helps larger miners more than smaller miners, making it easier to become a bigger fish that eats all the smaller fishes). Or whatever.
With BIP9, you can hold the softfork hostage. You just hold out and refuse to signal. You tell everyone you will signal, if and only if certain concessions are given to you.
This ability by miners to hold a feature hostage was enabled because of the miner-exit allowed by the timeout on BIP9. Prior to that, miners were considered little more than expendable security guards, paid for the risk they take to secure the network, but not special in the grand scheme of Bitcoin.

Covert ASICBoost

ASICBoost was a novel way of optimizing SHA256 mining, by taking advantage of the structure of the 80-byte header that is hashed in order to perform proof-of-work. The details of ASICBoost are out-of-scope here but you can read about it elsewhere
Here is a short summary of the two types of ASICBoost, relevant to the activation discussion.
Now, "overt" means "obvious", while "covert" means hidden. Overt ASICBoost is obvious because nVersion bits that are not currently in use for BIP9 activations are usually 0 by default, so setting those bits to 1 makes it obvious that you are doing something weird (namely, Overt ASICBoost). Covert ASICBoost is non-obvious because the order of transactions in a block are up to the miner anyway, so the miner rearranging the transactions in order to get lower power consumption is not going to be detected.
Unfortunately, while Overt ASICBoost was compatible with SegWit, Covert ASICBoost was not. This is because, pre-SegWit, only the block header Merkle tree committed to the transaction ordering. However, with SegWit, another Merkle tree exists, which commits to transaction ordering as well. Covert ASICBoost would require more computation to manipulate two Merkle trees, obviating the power benefits of Covert ASICBoost anyway.
Now, miners want to use ASICBoost (indeed, about 60->70% of current miners probably use the Overt ASICBoost nowadays; if you have a Bitcoin fullnode running you will see the logs with lots of "60 of last 100 blocks had unexpected versions" which is exactly what you would see with the nVersion manipulation that Overt ASICBoost does). But remember: ASICBoost was, at around the time, a novel improvement. Not all miners had ASICBoost hardware. Those who did, did not want it known that they had ASICBoost hardware, and wanted to do Covert ASICBoost!
But Covert ASICBoost is incompatible with SegWit, because SegWit actually has two Merkle trees of transaction data, and Covert ASICBoost works by fudging around with transaction ordering in a block, and recomputing two Merkle Trees is more expensive than recomputing just one (and loses the ASICBoost advantage).
Of course, those miners that wanted Covert ASICBoost did not want to openly admit that they had ASICBoost hardware, they wanted to keep their advantage secret because miners are strongly competitive in a very tight market. And doing ASICBoost Covertly was just the ticket, but they could not work post-SegWit.
Fortunately, due to the BIP9 activation process, they could hold SegWit hostage while covertly taking advantage of Covert ASICBoost!

UASF: BIP148 and BIP8

When the incompatibility between Covert ASICBoost and SegWit was realized, still, activation of SegWit stalled, and miners were still not openly claiming that ASICBoost was related to non-activation of SegWit.
Eventually, a new proposal was created: BIP148. With this rule, 3 months before the end of the SegWit timeout, nodes would reject blocks that did not signal SegWit. Thus, 3 months before SegWit timeout, BIP148 would force activation of SegWit.
This proposal was not accepted by Bitcoin Core, due to the shortening of the timeout (it effectively times out 3 months before the initial SegWit timeout). Instead, a fork of Bitcoin Core was created which added the patch to comply with BIP148. This was claimed as a User Activated Soft Fork, UASF, since users could freely download the alternate fork rather than sticking with the developers of Bitcoin Core.
Now, BIP148 effectively is just a BIP9 activation, except at its (earlier) timeout, the new rules would be activated anyway (instead of the BIP9-mandated behavior that the upgrade is cancelled at the end of the timeout).
BIP148 was actually inspired by the BIP8 proposal (the link here is a historical version; BIP8 has been updated recently, precisely in preparation for Taproot activation). BIP8 is basically BIP9, but at the end of timeout, the softfork is activated anyway rather than cancelled.
This removed the ability of miners to hold the softfork hostage. At best, they can delay the activation, but not stop it entirely by holding out as in BIP9.
Of course, this implies risk that not all miners have upgraded before activation, leading to possible losses for SPV users, as well as again re-pressuring miners to signal activation, possibly without the miners actually upgrading their software to properly impose the new softfork rules.

BIP91, SegWit2X, and The Aftermath

BIP148 inspired countermeasures, possibly from the Covert ASiCBoost miners, possibly from concerned users who wanted to offer concessions to miners. To this day, the common name for BIP148 - UASF - remains an emotionally-charged rallying cry for parts of the Bitcoin community.
One of these was SegWit2X. This was brokered in a deal between some Bitcoin personalities at a conference in New York, and thus part of the so-called "New York Agreement" or NYA, another emotionally-charged acronym.
The text of the NYA was basically:
  1. Set up a new activation threshold at 80% signalled at bit 4 (vs bit 1 for SegWit).
    • When this 80% signalling was reached, miners would require that bit 1 for SegWit be signalled to achive the 95% activation needed for SegWit.
  2. If the bit 4 signalling reached 80%, increase the block weight limit from the SegWit 4000000 to the SegWit2X 8000000, 6 months after bit 1 activation.
The first item above was coded in BIP91.
Unfortunately, if you read the BIP91, independently of NYA, you might come to the conclusion that BIP91 was only about lowering the threshold to 80%. In particular, BIP91 never mentions anything about the second point above, it never mentions that bit 4 80% threshold would also signal for a later hardfork increase in weight limit.
Because of this, even though there are claims that NYA (SegWit2X) reached 80% dominance, a close reading of BIP91 shows that the 80% dominance was only for SegWit activation, without necessarily a later 2x capacity hardfork (SegWit2X).
This ambiguity of bit 4 (NYA says it includes a 2x capacity hardfork, BIP91 says it does not) has continued to be a thorn in blocksize debates later. Economically speaking, Bitcoin futures between SegWit and SegWit2X showed strong economic dominance in favor of SegWit (SegWit2X futures were traded at a fraction in value of SegWit futures: I personally made a tidy but small amount of money betting against SegWit2X in the futures market), so suggesting that NYA achieved 80% dominance even in mining is laughable, but the NYA text that ties bit 4 to SegWit2X still exists.
Historically, BIP91 triggered which caused SegWit to activate before the BIP148 shorter timeout. BIP148 proponents continue to hold this day that it was the BIP148 shorter timeout and no-compromises-activate-on-August-1 that made miners flock to BIP91 as a face-saving tactic that actually removed the second clause of NYA. NYA supporters keep pointing to the bit 4 text in the NYA and the historical activation of BIP91 as a failed promise by Bitcoin developers.

Taproot Activation Proposals

There are two primary proposals I can see for Taproot activation:
  1. BIP8.
  2. Modern Softfork Activation.
We have discussed BIP8: roughly, it has bit and timeout, if 95% of miners signal bit it activates, at the end of timeout it activates. (EDIT: BIP8 has had recent updates: at the end of timeout it can now activate or fail. For the most part, in the below text "BIP8", means BIP8-and-activate-at-timeout, and "BIP9" means BIP8-and-fail-at-timeout)
So let's take a look at Modern Softfork Activation!

Modern Softfork Activation

This is a more complex activation method, composed of BIP9 and BIP8 as supcomponents.
  1. First have a 12-month BIP9 (fail at timeout).
  2. If the above fails to activate, have a 6-month discussion period during which users and developers and miners discuss whether to continue to step 3.
  3. Have a 24-month BIP8 (activate at timeout).
The total above is 42 months, if you are counting: 3.5 years worst-case activation.
The logic here is that if there are no problems, BIP9 will work just fine anyway. And if there are problems, the 6-month period should weed it out. Finally, miners cannot hold the feature hostage since the 24-month BIP8 period will exist anyway.

PSA: Being Resilient to Upgrades

Software is very birttle.
Anyone who has been using software for a long time has experienced something like this:
  1. You hear a new version of your favorite software has a nice new feature.
  2. Excited, you install the new version.
  3. You find that the new version has subtle incompatibilities with your current workflow.
  4. You are sad and downgrade to the older version.
  5. You find out that the new version has changed your files in incompatible ways that the old version cannot work with anymore.
  6. You tearfully reinstall the newer version and figure out how to get your lost productivity now that you have to adapt to a new workflow
If you are a technically-competent user, you might codify your workflow into a bunch of programs. And then you upgrade one of the external pieces of software you are using, and find that it has a subtle incompatibility with your current workflow which is based on a bunch of simple programs you wrote yourself. And if those simple programs are used as the basis of some important production system, you hve just screwed up because you upgraded software on an important production system.
And well, one of the issues with new softfork activation is that if not enough people (users and miners) upgrade to the newest Bitcoin software, the security of the new softfork rules are at risk.
Upgrading software of any kind is always a risk, and the more software you build on top of the software-being-upgraded, the greater you risk your tower of software collapsing while you change its foundations.
So if you have some complex Bitcoin-manipulating system with Bitcoin somewhere at the foundations, consider running two Bitcoin nodes:
  1. One is a "stable-version" Bitcoin node. Once it has synced, set it up to connect=x.x.x.x to the second node below (so that your ISP bandwidth is only spent on the second node). Use this node to run all your software: it's a stable version that you don't change for long periods of time. Enable txiindex, disable pruning, whatever your software needs.
  2. The other is an "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin Node. Keep its stoarge down with pruning (initially sync it off the "stable-version" node). You can't use blocksonly if your "stable-version" node needs to send transactions, but otherwise this "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin node can be kept as a low-resource node, so you can run both nodes in the same machine.
When a new Bitcoin version comes up, you just upgrade the "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin node. This protects you if a future softfork activates, you will only receive valid Bitcoin blocks and transactions. Since this node has nothing running on top of it, it is just a special peer of the "stable-version" node, any software incompatibilities with your system software do not exist.
Your "stable-version" Bitcoin node remains the same version until you are ready to actually upgrade this node and are prepared to rewrite most of the software you have running on top of it due to version compatibility problems.
When upgrading the "always-up-to-date", you can bring it down safely and then start it later. Your "stable-version" wil keep running, disconnected from the network, but otherwise still available for whatever queries. You do need some system to stop the "always-up-to-date" node if for any reason the "stable-version" goes down (otherwisee if the "always-up-to-date" advances its pruning window past what your "stable-version" has, the "stable-version" cannot sync afterwards), but if you are technically competent enough that you need to do this, you are technically competent enough to write such a trivial monitor program (EDIT: gmax notes you can adjust the pruning window by RPC commands to help with this as well).
This recommendation is from gmaxwell on IRC, by the way.
submitted by almkglor to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

The Unofficial Cardano FAQ - V3

(if you would like to add information or see mistakes, just comment below and I will credit you)
What is Cardano? Cardano is an open source and permissionless "Third Generation" blockchain project being developed by IOHK. Development and research started in 2015, with the 1.0 mainnet launching in 2017. Cardano blockchain is currently being developed into two layers. The first one is the ledger of account values, and the second one is the reason why values are transferred from one account to the other.
  1. Cardano Settlement Layer (CSL) - The CSL acts as the ledger of account or balance ledger. This is an idea created as an improvement of bitcoin blockchain. It uses a proof-of-stake consensus algorithm known as Ouroboros to generate new blocks and confirm transactions.
  2. Cardano Computation Layer (CCL) - The CCL contains the data how values are transferred. Since the computation layer is not connected to balance ledger, users of the CCL can create customized rules (smart contracts) when evaluating transactions. (https://support.bitkub.com/hc/en-us/articles/360006678892-What-are-the-two-layers-of-Cardano-)
IOHK has the contract with an undisclosed party to develop the project until the end of 2020, at which point the community may elect another development team - on the assumption that the voting infrastructure has been completed. However CEO Charles Hoskinson has stated that they will develop the project until it is completed, and they are simply financed until the end of 2020.
Cardano was the first project built on a peer-reviewed scientific development method, resulting in dozens of research papers produced by IOHK. Among these papers is Ouroboros Genesis, proving that a Proof of Stake protocol can be just as secure as Proof of Work - which was originally developed for Bitcoin, and refined for Ethereum. This PoS protocol considerably lowers the resources cost to maintain network while still maintaining security and network speed.
Cardano as a financial infrastructure is not yet completed, With significant development to be rolled out.
What were the other two generations of blockchain? Gen 1 was Bitcoin. It exists by itself and talks to nobody but Bitcoin. It is capable of peer to peer transactions without a third party in such a way that you cannot cheat the system. This was a major step forward for the E-cash concept that people have been working on for the 20 years prior.
Gen 2 was Ethereum and other smart-contract platforms that allow other coins and platforms to be built on top of their infrastructure. These coins can interact with others on the platform, but cannot interact with other platforms. Meaning it is still not truly interoperable. Most Gen 2 blockchains are also using Proof of Work likes Bitcoin, which effects scaling. Also missing is a built-in method to pay for upgrades and voting mechanics for decision making.
Gen 3 blockchains are a complete package designed to replace the current financial infrastructure of the world. Cardano is using Proof of Stake to ensure security and decentralisation(Shelley). Scaling through parallel computation (Hydra in Basho), Sidechains to allow the platform to interact with other platforms (Basho), and also include mechanisms for voting for project funding, changes to the protocol and improvement proposals (Voltaire). Finally smart contracts platform for new and established projects that are developer friendly (Goguen).
Who is the team behind Cardano? There are three organisations that are contributing to the development of Cardano. The first is the Cardano Foundation, an objective, non-profit organisation based in Switzerland. Its core responsibilities are to nurture, grow and educate Cardano users and commercial communities, to engage with authorities on regulatory and commercial matters and to act as a blockchain and cryptocurrency standards body. The second entity is IOHK, a leading cryptocurrency research and development company, which holds the contract to develop the platform until 2020. The final business partner is Emurgo, which invests in start-ups and assists commercial ventures to build on the Cardano blockchain.
www.Cardano.org www.emurgo.io https://cardanofoundation.org/en/
What is the difference between Proof of Work and Proof of stake? Both these protocols are known as “consensus protocols” that confirm whether a transaction is valid or invalid without a middleman like Visa or your bank. Every node (active and updated copy of the blockchain) can agree that the transaction did take place legitimately. If more than half validators agree, then the ledger is updated and the transaction is now secured. Proof-of-Work (PoW) happens when a miner is elected to solve an exceptionally difficult math problem and gets credit for adding a verified block to the blockchain. Finding a solution is an arduous guessing game that takes a considerable amount of computing power to compete for the correct answer. It is like “pick a number between 1 and one trillion” and when you get it right, you get $30,000 in Bitcoin, so the more computers you have working on it, the faster you can solve it. Also the more people who are trying to solve the same block, the harder the algorithm, so it may become 1 in 20 trillion. The downside is the massive amounts of power required to run the computers that run the network, and the slow pace that blocks are solved. To “Hack” a PoW system, you need 51% of the computing power, which would allow you to deny transactions, or spend the same coin twice. At the moment there are 8 main mining operations for bitcoin, and 4 of them make up more that 51% of the mining power.
PoS instead selects a coin at random that already exists, and the person who owns that coin is elected to put the work in to validate the block. This means there is no contest and no guessing game. Some computer power is required, but only a fraction of a PoW system. The complex nature of selecting a coin that exists on the correct and longest chain and is owned by someone who can complete the block, AND in such a way that it is secure AND that computer currently running AND that person also having an incentive to complete the work, has made the development of PoS very slow. However only a few years ago it wasn’t even possible. In this method, the more of the coin (ADA) you stake, the more likely you are to be selected to close a block. Cardano also allows you to delegate your stake to someone else to validate the block so they do the work, and you share in the reward for doing so.
To “hack” a PoS blockchain you need to own 51% of the tokens, which is significantly harder than owning 51% of the computing power.
What is ADA and how is it different to Cardano? Cardano is the name of the network infrastructure, and can be thought of like a rail network. ADA is the native token that has been developed alongside Cardano to facilitate the network operation. This helps confusion and maintains distinction, compared to Ethereum being the native token of Ethereum. Similar to bitcoin or any other token, ADA can be sent peer to peer as payment, but is also the reward for running the network, and what is taken as transaction fees.
In this metaphor “Cardano” is the train tracks, that everything runs on. A stake pool would be the locomotive, facilitating transactions on the network while ADA is the coal that powers the locomotive. The train carriages are Decentralised applications (Dapps) that are also running on cardano tracks, but are not actively powering the network.
What is staking Cardano is a Proof of Stake protocol, and uses already existing coins like a marker to ensure security. The protocol chooses a coin at random and the owner of that coin is elected to validate a block of transactions. Staking is the process of adding your ADA coins to a Pool that has the resources to run the network. If the pool you have chosen to "delegate" your stake to is chosen to close/validate a block, then you get a portion of the rewards. The ADA never leaves your wallet, and you can "undelegate" whenever you like. this increases stability of the network and also gives an incentive to pool operators to invest the time and hardware required to run a pool.
What is a stake-pool and how does it work? Cardano.org FAQ on the issue goes into much more detail
A stake pool is where the computing power of the network takes place. During ITN there was 1200 registered stake pools while 300 were creating blocks. You can manage your own stake-pool or delegate your ADA to an already registered pool. Rewards are determined by the protocol, however the pool may elect to charge fee Percentages, or flat rate fee to upkeep their pool.
Can I Stake my ADA right now? The staking testnet has closed, If you participated in the Incentivised Test Net and earned rewards, instructions to check the balance are here.
However if you have just purchased some or it was held on an exchange, then you will need to wait until the Shelley mainnet launch happening at the end of July 2020.
Where do I stake my ADA? Daedalus Flight wallet, and Yoroi Wallet (as a chrome extension) are the current best options. Adalite and several other third-party wallets also exist. Coinbase will also allow staking as a custodial service, and many exchanges may offer “staking as a service” so you can leave your coins on the exchange and still earn rewards if you enjoy trading. I do not recommend leaving coins on an exchange unless you are actively trading.
What are the staking rewards now and what can I expect on a return in the future? The Incentivised Test Net (ITN) Delivered 10%-15%pa returns on average. The future of staking will most likely be lower, but will depend on the amount of ADA staked across the network and the amount of network traffic.
Check https://staking.cardano.org/en/calculato for a clearer picture.
what is a Pledge? To stop one person operating many pools, the rewards that a pool earns will vary depending on the amount of personal ADA they “pledge” to open the pool. This means that 50 pools with a 1,00ADA pledge each will be overall less profitable than 1-2 pool with the max ADA pledge (unknown but likely around 300k). Even if the 50 pools have the same over stake delegated by other users and have a better chance of being selected to close a block, the 50 pools may receive lower rewards.. (at least that is the theory)
Who is IOHK? IOHK is a for-profit software engineering company founded by CEO Charles Hoskinson and Jeremy Wood in 2015 that has taken a scientific approach to the development of blockchain. IOHK started with “first principles” and looked at questions like “what is a blockchain” and “what should a blockchain be able to do” rather than accepting the established paradigm of Bitcoin and Ethereum. IOHK was originally Input Output Hong Kong, but is now Input Output Global and is based in Wyoming USA employing over 230 staff. IOHK has established research labs in several universities in order to complete the Cardano project, and is also developing Ethereum Classic, Atala, Mantis and possibly other Blockchain related programs and infrastructure.
Who is Charles? Charles Hoskinson is an early adopter of cryptocurrencies, American entrepreneur and cryptocurrency specialist. Charles Co-founded Ethereum with Vitalik Buterin and 5-8 others, However he only worked on that project for approximately six-months. Charles is now the CEO of IOHK and the director of The Bitcoin Education Project.
Why isn’t ADA on coinbase? Cardano and coinbase have recently connected in a big way. With IOHK turning over all their ADA to the custodial services of Coinbase. This means that Cardano and Coinbase have been working together for some time and there is a strong partnership forming. Staking and cold storage will be available and trading on Coinbase will most likely become available after the release of Shelley (although no official word yet)
Why Doesn’t Cardano have a Wikipedia Page? Wikipedia has strict guidelines on what can be turned into an article. As there has been no coverage of Cardano from mainstream media or “noteworthy” sources, there is no article yet. Wikipedia will also not accept sources from IOHK as they are not considered “reliable” and must come from a third party. This will most likely change soon.
Cardano does have a dedicated community driven wiki
https://cardanowiki.info/wiki/Home
What is Atala and why do I care?*
Atala is a suite of services being developed on top of the cardano blockchain by IOHK that focusses on credential certification, for things like education, work history and degrees (Atala Prism). Product counterfeiting protection through registering products on a blockchain and create taper-proof provenance. This does not only apply to Gucci handbags, but also medication, art, and anything that can be counterfeited (Atala Scan). As well as supply chain tracking to see issues and inefficiencies with greater transparency(Atala Trace).
Im new, how much is a good investment?
Cardano is still a speculative market and although there is amazing potential here, it is still only potential. When investing in any High risk market like Crypto, only every invest what you are willing to lose. Cardano may be testing the 10c barrier now. But in March it dumped to 1.7c. And if you suddenly need your money back during the dump then you are out of luck. Do your research before you FOMO in. Start with a small amount and send it between wallets and exchanges to understand how the system works. Store your private keys offline (or online cloud service but encrypted) with a method that is unlikely to be damaged AND have multiple copies. So in the case of a house fire or a blow to the head, or the cloud service being shutdown/destroyed, you do not lose your money.
Timelines
https://roadmap.cardano.org/en/
Shelley Decentralisation rollout and news
Goguen smart contract rollout
Voltaire Voting mechanics – no official roll out timeline (though promised for 2020)
Basho scaling and sidechains – no official roll out time line (most likely 2021)
submitted by YourBestMateRobbo to cardano [link] [comments]

How to pay for Air Tickets, Netflix, Steam, VPN, and other services using Bitcoin in Lebanon

There has been an increase in interest in Bitcoin usage, more people are realizing the freedom Bitcoin can provide to current limitations, and many people are asking what can we use Bitcoin for other than storing value from ever dropping local currency, on top of it it’s getting harder to pay for online services, hosts, vpns, netflix and if you are running a small business in resale you are facing a lot of challenges as well.
Many popular websites are already accepting direct payments in Bitcoin, others you will need to go through a payment processor or by buying gift cards.
Using Bitrefill or Cryptorefills you will be able to purchase a digital gift card that can be redeemed in your account with selected denomination. With these gift card providers now you will be able to recharge your Netflix, Amazon, Apple account, Google Play, Spotify, Steam, PSN, PUBG and many many other services.

Here is a small list i prepared of website that accept Bitcoin directly :

Here is a link to a bigger list :

As a bonus for those that still have some kind of international limit left, you can sign up at Purse purse(dot) io through which you will be able to fulfill orders of other people using your Amazon balance for instance in return for Bitcoin! You can use your $30 limit for example to top-up your balance in Amazon, and fill an order to be delivered to someone's doorstep and you will be paid in Bitcoin. Everything is tracked by Purse (dot) io therefore no worries of sending an item without getting your Bitcoin, only down side that at the beginning you will pay an extra premium for your Bitcoin.
Learn more about bitcoin at https://bitcoinduliban.org and check out our AMA with Bitcoin du Liban
submitted by marceldy to lebanon [link] [comments]

The next XVG? Microcap 100x potential actually supported by fundamentals!

What’s up team? I have a hot one for you. XVG returned 12 million percent in 2017 and this one reminds me a lot of it. Here’s why:
Mimblewimble is like Blu-Ray compared to CD-ROM in terms of its ability to compress data on a blockchain. The current BTC chain is 277gb and its capacity is limited because every time you spend a coin, each node needs to validate its history back to when it was mined (this is how double spending is prevented). Mimblewimble is different - all transactions in a block are aggregated and netted out in one giant CoinJoin, and only the current spending needs to be verified. This means that dramatically more transactions can fit into a smaller space, increasing throughput and lowering fees while still retaining the full proof of work game theory of Bitcoin. These blockchains are small enough to run a full node on a cheap smartphone, which enhances the decentralization and censorship resistance of the network.
The biggest benefit, though, is that all transactions are private - the blockchain doesn’t reveal amounts or addresses except to the actual wallet owner. Unlike earlier decoy-based approaches that bloat the chain and can still be data mined (XMR), Mimblewimble leaves no trace in the blockchain, instead storing only the present state of coin ownership.
The first two Mimblewimble coins, Grin and Beam, launched to great fanfare in 2019, quickly reaching over $100m in market cap (since settled down to $22m and $26m respectively). They are good projects but grin has infinite supply and huge never-decreasing emission, and Beam is a corporate moneygrab whose founding investors are counting on you buying for their ROI.
ZEC is valued at $568m today, despite the facts that only 1% of transactions are actually shielded, it has a trusted setup, and generating a confidential transaction takes ~60 seconds on a powerful PC. XMR is a great project but it’s valued at $1.2b (so no 100x) and it uses CryptoNote, which is 2014 tech that relies on a decoy-based approach that could be vulnerable to more powerful computers in the future. Mimblewimble is just a better way to approach privacy because there is simply no data recorded in the blockchain for companies to surveil.
Privacy is not just for darknet markets, porn, money launderers and terrorists. In many countries it’s dangerous to be wealthy, and there are all kinds of problems with having your spending data be out there publicly and permanently for all to see. Namely, companies like Amazon are patenting approaches to identify people with their crypto addresses, “for law enforcement” but also so that, just like credit cards, your spending data can be used to target ads. (A) Coinbase is selling user data to the DEA, IRS, FBI, Secret Service, and who knows who else? (B) What about insurance companies raising your premiums or canceling your policy because they see you buying (legal) cannabis? If your business operates using transparent cryptocurrency, competitors can data mine your customer and supply chain data, and employees can see how much everyone else gets paid. I could go on, but the idea of “I have nothing to hide, so what do I care about privacy?” will increasingly ring hollow as people realize that this money printing will have to be paid by massive tax increases AND that those taxes will be directly debited from their “Central Bank Digital Currency” wallets.
100% privacy for all transactions also eliminates one HUGE problem that people aren’t aware of yet, but they will be: fungibility. Fungibility means that each coin is indistinguishable from any other, just like paper cash. Why is this important? Because of the ever-expanding reach of AML/KYC/KYT (Anti-Money Laundering / Know Your Customer / Know Your Transaction) as regulators cramp down on crypto and banks take over, increasingly coins become “tainted” in various ways. For example, if you withdraw coins to a mixing service like Wasabi or Samourai, you may find your account blocked. (C) The next obvious step is that if you receive coins that these chainalysis services don’t like for whatever reason, you will be completely innocent yet forced to prove that you didn’t know that the coins you bought were up to no good in a past life. 3 days ago, $100k of USDC was frozen. (D) Even smaller coins like LTC now have this problem, because “Chinese Drug Kingpins” used them. (E) I believe that censorable money that can be blocked/frozen isn’t really “your money”.
Epic Cash is a 100% volunteer community project (like XVG and XMR) that had a fair launch in September last year with no ICO and no premine. There are very few projects like this, and it’s a key ingredient in Verge’s success (still at $110m market cap today despite being down 97% since the bubble peak) and why it’s still around. It has a small but super passionate community of “Freemen” who are united by a belief in the sound money economics of Bitcoin Standard emission (21m supply limit and ever-decreasing inflation) and the importance of privacy.
I am super bullish on this coin for the following reasons:
Because it doesn’t have a huge marketing budget in a sea of VC-funded shitcoins, it is as-yet undiscovered, which is why it’s so cheap. There are only 4 Mimblewimble-based currencies on the market: MWC at $162m, BEAM at $26m, GRIN at $22m, and EPIC at $0.4m. This is not financial advice and as always, do your own research, but I’ve been buying this gem for months and will continue to.
This one ticks all the boxes for me, the only real problem is that it’s hard to buy much without causing a huge green candle. Alt season is coming, and coins like this are how your neighbor Chad got his Lambo back in 2017. For 2021, McLaren is a better choice and be sure to pay cash so that it doesn’t get repossessed like Chad!
  1. A https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/d35eax/amazon-bitcoin-patent-data-stream-identify-cryptocurrency-for-law-enforcement-government
  2. B https://decrypt.co/31461/coinbase-wants-to-identify-bitcoin-users-for-dea-irs
  3. C https://www.coindesk.com/binance-blockade-of-wasabi-wallet-could-point-to-a-crypto-crack-up
  4. D https://cointelegraph.com/news/centre-freezes-ethereum-address-holding-100k-usdc
  5. E https://www.coindesk.com/us-treasury-blacklists-bitcoin-litecoin-addresses-of-chinese-drug-kingpins
  6. F https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCWkTxl5Z6DNN0ASMRxSKV5g
  7. G http://epic.tech/whitepaper
  8. H https://medium.com/epic-cash/epic-cash-on-uniswap-22447904d375
  9. I https://epic.tech/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/figure-3.1.jpg
Links:
submitted by pinchegringo to CryptoMoonShots [link] [comments]

Petro the Venezuelan goverment backed "crypto" is trading at less that 8 USD, goverment insist it is a stablecoin and it value MUST be 60 USD by law

Hi guys, Venezuelan living here.
You can see my post history, I usually keep track of the weekly amount traded in LocalBitcoin here in Venezuela (around 500 BTC weekly).
In Dec 2019 goverment airdropped 0.5 PTR (Petro) to a big chunk of Venezuelans, mostly public employees. Stores were obligated to accept it as way of payment (using a wallet o using somekind of POS that links the wallet with the fingerprint of the user). Goverment said: You must accept it and its value is 60 USD, so a lot of people spend their 0.5 PTR (around 30 USD) for like 3-4 days.
Then, it stopped.
Why? The money wasn't getting to the stores and when it did, they paid it in Bolivares, losing a big part of the value (some of the were receiving only 20 USD instead of the 30 USD).
After no one accepted it, a lot of people didn't spend the petros, so didnt know what to do with them.
The only exchanges where you can trade the PTR, are Venezuelan (One is called Amberescoin other is called Criptolago) and they have a really HIGH KYC policy (ID, passport, selfies and so on), I even think you can register ONLY if you are Venezuelan. These exchanged were sponsored by the goverment and they had to have a permission of the goverment to open a "legal" exchange.
Anyway, these "Exchanges" are kinda free market, so the Petro took its "real" value. It wasnt accepted anywhere and people just wanted to exchange for "something".
Remember, here the MONTHLY minimum wage is around 4-5 USD! Yes, you read it right, MONTHLY.
And when there is a lot of offer and no demand... the price drops...
Right know the price is around 1,300,000 Bs. (Bolivares). With a exchange rate of 1 USD = 175,000 Bs.
That is LESS than 8 USD.
Of course this is a complete mess to the govement, they insist its price should be FIXED and MUST be 60 USD. Good look with that.
This is one of the exchanges:
https://twitter.com/AmberesCoin/status/1256201821430984704/photo/1
(There you can see PTVES 1,300,000)
Here is the USD equivalent
https://www.xe.com/es/currencyconverteconvert/?Amount=1.300.000&From=VES&To=USD
Ask me anything!
submitted by WorkingLime to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Might join an innovative privacy-centric blockchain startup| Doing a small survey

Hi Monero fam,

I might get to join a privacy-centric blockchain startup pretty soon. The team is extremely professional, can tell from my conversations with them that they aren’t here to do a cash grab. They are self-funded and have won numerous grants by prestigious big players in the industry.
They value privacy a lot (f*ck government style). They are focused on real utility of their product rather than fueling speculation. They will be the first to implement some really cool things in regards to privacy for DeFi (can’t say more as I am not allowed to). But rest assured, it is really cool!
Conversations so far have been good and things do look positive.
However, as I said before, their ultimate aim is for their product to be utilized by the people who require privacy. For the very same reason, I’d like for you all to help me with a small survey. Doing so will help me push some of this feedback to the team to craft better product and services which will someday be of immense value to the entire humanity.

Questions-
  1. Why is privacy important to you?
  2. In real life, where do you use these privacy coins? [It is perfectly okay if they are a store of value for you]
  3. How do you best expect to use these privacy coins one day?
  4. What is the one thing you wished you favorite privacy coin had?

Let me break the ice by answering the questions above.

  1. We all have somethings that we’d like to keep private, good or bad, we just want it for ourselves. We don’t want anyone to have any kind of unfair leverage over us. Not all the things are meant to be out in public; some need to be restricted to us or to those who we trust.
  2. I don’t use any privacy coins. Though I want to keep a small stash for a rainy day.
  3. I really hope I don’t. To me, the ultimate use-case of a privacy coin is against government. I view it as a hedge to a government’s autocracy. However, truth be told, the way surveillance and censorship is becoming ubiquitous in the world (cc: Five Eyes, China, Saudi…), things are not looking good. I fear, one day, we really might need to use a currency that is TRULY private and anonymous. I don’t trust these exchanges to give any shit for privacy. One knock from the government, & they will handover everything single thing they know about to us. Privacy coins will play an instrumental role in fighting against the state should a day like that come. (Sorry for painting a grim picture but I have to be honest with you all as to how I feel about these)
  4. Monero, it is what I originally thought bitcoin was..

Please accept my sincerest gratitude if you’ve managed to read the text so far :)
I want to reiterate, the team, and I myself, we care for privacy a LOT!
I will be eternally grateful for the feedback you provide and I won't let it go wasted.

Sincerely
Ezio Auditore.
submitted by EzioAuditore19 to Monero [link] [comments]

How will Bitcoin have a future?

Keep in mind that you guys are in an echo chamber as you read what my thoughts are on bitcoin.
I honestly dont see the currency being accepted as a global currency in the near or distant future. if theres only 21 million bitcoin that can possibly exist and that amount is reached in 2140, the amount of bitcoin that will be bricked due to lost passcodes and people dying whilst in ownership of such currency in the next 10 generations will cause circulative supply to drop to such a low that the majority of bitcoin in circulation will be owned by less and less people and thus create a stagnant ecosystem. Its price will be determined by fewer and fewer individuals that have the majority of bitcoin. This goes against the spirit of community and human values that value a certain level of governing control through a majority consensus.
If it is to be accepted by the billions of people on earth then it has to have a stable price and value that can be controlled by the communities that use it or it will warp a large % of peoples minds into valuing it as an appreciating commodity and not a currency.
The effort to get people to learn fractions and technology that involve phones and usb-like devices is also a major hurdle to accessibility for most people. Our current global infrastructure does not support widespread use of crypto. But when does, which wont be in the near future, Fiat currency will remain the leader in value because through law it can be bound to a physical asset such as gold.
So to me, if I bought bitcoin, I personally see that as a move only motivated by distrust in government. People dont realise that they are their government and they have a say in it by either becoming a representative of the people or electing someone as such.
When Andrew Yang (the only technologically literate candidate to ever run for office) eventually becomes president and America is systematically reformatted to a modern up to date country, Intelligent use of fiat currency will bounce back and will be a very strong norm. Governing bodies can fund programs that value community and human centered values. Universal basic income and a booming population will require fiat currency as its stable medium of trade. Bitcoin cannot offer a properly run governing body any benefits because it literally represents the human ego in a trade able commodity that is only ever viable in a land of fear and uncertainty with donald trump. (i dont see him being reelected but he did his job throwing a monkey wrench into the gears of a broken system).
Lets talk about what the future will look like if crypto currency is actually used as a currency instead of a commodity that is only purchased for the sole reason that it will be sold for more than it was purchased for:
Think about hundreds of millions of people using the cryptocurrency trading the 10,000 bitcoins between one another in fractions in the distant future(not literally the exact amount but as an example). Then imagine a legacy owner of the currency dumping their 100,000 bitcoins into the market on a whim because they want to crash its value. Theres no governance that can step in to stop this from happening. Bitcoin isnt backed by any physical asset such as gold and its value cannot be inforced by a governing body. The one action of one individual can negatively affect the majority of other people with no safeguards. That should be more terrifying to people than a fiat currency being printed by a central banking system and then distributing funds in a less disruptive manner that allows for programs such as universal basic income to be viable that will be an inevitability in the future or community run organisations that benefit the spirit of community. Sure, Bitcoin is stable on paper, but its value is all speculation and subject to mass psychology.
This bitcoin narrative all over twitter and youtube actually require you to believe them to keep bitcoin viable. without your belief in it, its worthless. of course you can say the same thing about fiat currency, but there are benefits fiat provide that bitcoin cannot. With Bitcoin you have tax avoidance? reduced funding for community run organisations? failure of funding for public services that many use? Bitcoin does nothing for community as a whole. Fiat curreny and a competent government fills this very important role.
The fact that the way bitcoin was designed doesnt factor in the fact that the population of the human race will only keep growing; makes it an inferior means of trade on a large scale and merely a commodity to add to the list next to gold. By inferior i mean it isnt widely accepted. most stores wont accept gold nor will they accept bitcoin.
If there is any takeaway from this it is or added notes: -Bitcoin represents the ego of the human race as a trade able currency
-Bitcoin does nothing to propagate community values by its very nature which is why it will not succeed in the future.
-As difficult as it is to mine bitcoin, most people that use money in general dont really care what you did to earn it. People value stability in a currency. not rampant volatility.
-Youtube videos on bitcoin value is all speculation no matter how much you want to justify its value. People dismissing the billionaires that publicly state their gut beliefs against crypto by creating conspiracy theories are actually the real insecure people of the crypto community.
-Bitcoin is a COMMODITY dont be fooled into thinking that is a currency. It will never be a fully accepted global currency unless it can be controlled by a(competent) centralised governing body. And because it does not possess that capacity, it will never succeed in the distant long term.
submitted by 200201552 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Why Does Bitcoin Have Value ? Kerner: Bitcoin well-positioned to be a store of value competing with gold Bitcoin as a store of value Is #Bitcoin a store of value? The Bitcoin Store of Value Myth

Bitcoin and Ecommerce: How to Accept BTC Payments in Your Online Store Share Unless you’ve been doing business under a rock these past few years, you’ve likely heard about Bitcoin (BTC), a type of digital currency that eliminates the middlemen (i.e. governments and financial institutions) and allows parties to transact directly with each other. A known gold enthusiast, financial commentator Peter Schiff said Bitcoin holders are not actually looking to the asset as a storage of wealth — one of the most commonly touted use cases surrounding the coin.“I buy gold as a way to store my wealth, as a conservative place to keep liquidity, as opposed to keeping it in dollars or some other fiat currency,” Schiff told interviewer Peter Bitcoin is more inclusive than any other payment system in the world. It is providing people all over the world with a more stable store of value and means of conducting trade in parts of the world where financial services are limited or even nonexistent. Accept Bitcoin With BTC Pay Accept Bitcoin payments without the need for a middleman. Store your Bitcoins in any wallet you want, and use them as soon as the transaction is confirmed. Exchange your Bitcoin for any currency you want, using platforms such as LocalBitcoin. Conclusion. It’s hard to know what’s going to happen with Bitcoin in a few years. When people say “Bitcoin isn’t a good store of value or unit of account” what they really mean is “Bitcoin isn’t being adopted yet”, which is not a valid complaint. Bitcoin has the right properties for the world’s money, and the more the world comes to terms with this, the more stable it will become.

[index] [3774] [28608] [23874] [11529] [8521] [1014] [22318] [20802] [26475] [20853]

Why Does Bitcoin Have Value ?

Quick run down of Bitcoin and how it stores value in comparison to other value stores used today. Lou Kerner of CryptoOracle believes we now have something much better than gold in Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies that can be a solid store of value. Make sure to subscribe, hit the like button and don't forget to click the notification bell to get weekly updates. https://www.youtube.com/user/ameerrosic?su... Watch Roger’s new educative video about Economics as he reflects on Dan Hedl’s Twitter post. Be sure to subscribe to his personal YouTube channel! Timestamps: 0:27 - Roger’s opinion about ... A little bit more "technical" talk about using Bitcoin as a store of value, not as a transactional system. Does the value of Bitcoin in terms of state currencies actually have to be stable and/or ...

Flag Counter